Uzbek Women in Samarkand, December 7-10, 1932

Sitting on the side of a street in the Uzbekistan city of Samarkand, a group of women wear paranjis, which cover their entire face, head, and bodies. Despite the fact that Jacobi captured this photo after the hujum, the state-led unveiling campaign of 1927, many women refused to unveil in effort to avoid the violence that unveiled women were subjected to. In the three years following the start of the hujum, over 2,000 women were murdered for unveiling, and many more were assaulted, beaten, and raped.